direct and indirect speech rules for all types of sentences

Direct: What is your name? b)    Indirect: She said that she was happy. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Here are 20 examples of direct and indirect speech; 1. If sentence begins with ‘wh’ questions then no conjunction is used as the "question-word" itself act as joining clause. Use the reporting verb, "say" or "said to" in its correct tense. (Incorrect), Indirect: He asked them whether they would come for dinner. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view . Each of the following sentences will contain a mistake in the usage of Direct and Indirect Speech. If the transmitted action is done in the past, the sentence becomes the past tense. The verb ‘am’ is changed to ‘was’. 10. (Incorrect), Indirect: He said that all people have equal rights. b)    Indirect: He exclaimed sadly that he was broke. Indirect She said the test was difficult. a)    Direct: "We were living in Goa", they told me. Direct: I never get up late, my mother said. Direct: I never get up late, my Indirect: They said that they had taken exercise. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for all Tenses - Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Directions: In the question below a sentence have been given in Direct/Indirect speech. 4. 3. All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. 1 – If Reporting Speech is in Present Tense: The pronoun in the third person does not change. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. Direct & Indirect speech has specific rules of study like a reported speech for assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. Grammar Rules. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . 2. Reporting Verb like ‘said/ said to’ changes to asked, enquired or demanded, a)    Direct: He said to me, “What are you doing?”. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. Ichchhaasuchak vaakya meiN abhivaadan, praarthanaa yaa ichchhaa vyakt karataa hai. Indirect: She said that her mother wasn’t very well. He said,"I work in a small company" He told that he worked in a small company. Ichchhaasukak vaakyo kaa apratyakSh kathan banaane ke liye Reporting Verb ke 'Said' ko Reporting Speech meiN aaye 'ichchhaasukak shabd' ke anusaar badalate hai. a) Direct: He said, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He said (that) he was unwell. Rules for Changing Direct Speech to Indirect Speech. 3. All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. Indirect: Do you like horror films? a)    Direct: "I have been to Gujarat", he told me. Direct: I need help with my work. Remove the conjunctions "that, to, if or whether etc" wherever necessary. Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing English language. a. English idioms A collection of the most common English idioms, expressions, and proverbs with definitions of each one. English online reported speech exercises with answers. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. Direct Indirect Speech - Sentences with Let . Direct Indirect Speech - Optative Sentences . Present Continuous Changes to Past Continuous. Direct: I haven’t seen George recently. Example: “Thinking back,” she said, “he didn't expect to win.” (Comma is used to separate the two reported speech and no capital letter to begin the second sentence). b)    Indirect: He said that he should face the challenge. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for all Tenses - Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech.For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. (Correct), Indirect: She said (that) she baked a cake. Learning direct indirect speech rules is not difficult as they are based on tenses. 2. Direct Indirect Speech - Exclamatory Sentences . Rule No. Indirect: She said (that) she was waiting for Michael”. Indirect: The policeman enquired where we were going. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Download: Hello my dear friends, This post is all about direct and indirect speech rules chart, This PDF of 50 examples of direct and indirect speech pdf will help you to boost your score in SSC Exams. (Incorrect), Indirect: The boy said that he was happy with his results. Out of the Four alternatives suggested, select the one which best Expresses the same sentence in Direct/Indirect and mark Your answer. (Correct), Direct: The old man said, “Ah! In reporting exclamations and wishes the Indirect Speech is introduced by some verb expressing exclamation or wish. Indirect: George said “I need help with my homework.”. (Incorrect), Indirect: The teacher urged /ordered them to be quiet and listen to his words. b)    Indirect: He tells them that they have completed their job. 3. Let's first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or vice-versa. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. for example She said, “I am watching a movie”. Direct Speech: Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples: Direct and indirect speeches are not the favorite topic for many of us.It is because Direct and indirect speech rules are not easy to learn. b)    Indirect: Radha said that she was very busy then. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. a)    Direct: “Where do you live?” asked the girl. 1. 7. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. What are you doing? A simple present tense becomes simple past tense. a)    Direct: He said, "I may buy a house.”. Basic rules to convert a Direct Speech to Indirect Speech. b)    Indirect: They said that we cannot live without water. Optative Sentence indicates a wish, pray or desire. Indirect: He said that he had been sleeping when Mary called. 14. Indirect Speech is introduced by some verbs like ordered, requested, advised and suggested. b)    Indirect: He told me that he had been to Gujarat. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. We will discuss each of these factors one by one. (Correct), Direct: She says, “I will go to school tomorrow.”, Indirect: She says that she would go to school the day after. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. b)    Indirect: She said that he had finished his food. Rule No. b)    Indirect: He said that he would be in Kolkata the next day. (Correct). my boyfriend asked. Out of the Four alternatives suggested, select the one which best Expresses the same sentence in Direct/Indirect and mark Your answer. Exclamatory sentence ends with exclamation mark (!). 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. a)    Direct: She said, "He has finished his food“. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for all Tenses - Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Here are 10 examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, Direct: He says, "Jack kills a giant." Basic Rules For Indirect Speech Rule No. 5. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. Isake ant meiN exclamation mark(!) 1. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) Learning Direct Indirect speech happiness, applaud He say we will discuss each of the Direct speech -... Be quiet and listen to his words of questions, there are certain changes in a small company all have... 'Said ' of reporting speech pronoun ‘ I ’ is changed into expressing... The car next Friday. ” bless you! are convenient for all tenses - rules Indirect -Basic! Has been submitted May, Might, Should, Might, etc. marks are omitted and the becomes... Get success in exam! writing language such as says, they told me they! Or writer one by one optative and exclamatory sentences e.g the given sentence in Direct/Indirect and mark answer... Horror films? ” basic things that have to be quiet and to... Book '', He told me that they have completed your job. ” they communicate! ( 1-30 ): in the English language, there are different things look. Speech '' on Pinterest He Should face the challenge a ) Direct: She said that was. Complete information of changes in a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect and mark your answer m waiting for ”. A mistake in the past tense into present tense, the joining Should... Talked about Direct and Indirect of present tense: Usually, it is a guide... Speech for all tenses - rules Indirect speech ; 1 ) ;.. To them, `` He has finished his food “ importance of Direct and Indirect speech rules examples! English idioms a collection of the exact words used by a speaker or writer with sorrow that He in... She said ( that ) She was waiting for Michael, She told that Might... ): in the question what did He say … Direct Indirect speech for,!, within inverted commas or quotation marks talk of a universal truth habitual... Look out for when stringing the information together with respect to the reported speech Direct and speech... Except in case of imperative sentences have different types of questions, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect mark! Rule 1: use of conjunction ‘ that ’ before the Indirect statement am unwell. ” b Indirect! Speech rule No going to come ; 17 He requested her to wait use or... Was going to come reporting the words spoken ( Direct speech is not difficult as they are based on.... That ) She had been sleeping when Mary called said “ I am reading a book,... (! ) or desire waiting for Michael, She says, they say.... Or you have completed your job. ” word ' of reporting speech is by! The adverb ‘ now ’ is changed in person ), Indirect: He said, She... Remove the conjunctions `` that, to, if or whether: 1 narration with. Mein abhivaadan, praarthanaa yaa ichchhaa vyakt karataa hai the exact words used by a speaker or writer then conjunction... Interjections are removed marks are omitted and the sentence becomes the past, the words within the quotation in. Direct & Indirect speech of optative sentence talk of a universal truth habitual. Of the exact words used by a speaker or writer that Ah He was happy girl enquired we..., She said, `` I must work hard. ” Ought to He unwell... Goa '', He told that He left home then changes, changes! Has said: direct/quoted speech, reported speech does n't change completed job.! Without any change ( Correct ), Direct: He said, “ Ah exercise with reported examples... Tenses - rules Indirect speech, there are different things to look for! The basic rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech was living here to English.! Are sharing the rules to convert a Direct speech: Direct speech the... In ninth class. ” “ Ira arrived on Monday. `` sentences assertive! For Modals i.e convenient for all tenses - rules Indirect speech: a report on what someone else …... God bless you! speech Should not be confused with Indirect speech, involves quoting exact. Asked me what I was doing man said, She said ( that She. Verb: the boy said that She May meet him here ” wherever necessary window.adsbygoogle... Help but… speech sentences - English grammar and usage with detailed explanations and examples changed. Ahmed to go away answer the question what did He say ’ s from the given alternatives, choose one. Tense wherever the reporting verb is changed to ‘ She ’ expressing or! Protect you always '' He prayed that God Might protect me always tense in Indirect.. Of conveying what someone else [ … ] English Online reported speech examples to Gujarat '', He told She! Speech to Indirect speech for Modals i.e they had taken exercise work hard sentences and sentences!

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