how to reduce street crime

174-200. Vanessa Padayachee, Be aware of the link between organised crime and terrorism: My own take on the Zetas is that the lines that once separated organised crime from terrorism are increasingly blurred. The review examines the research evidence on what works to reduce crime. The Robbery Task Force has been established to reduce the number of robberies and increase the number of criminals caught. This study considered research that examined the US police force. When illicit or transnational crime starts co-opting state forces, people stop trusting their security forces, governments and start focusing on private and personal security, stop using public spaces. A focus on certain groups such as young males between 10-29 years old can help to reduce violence. judgements and context in perceiving disorder, European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, vol. The need for more efficient street lighting is an important service that each city government should provide. The police measure that most consistently reduces crime is the arrest rate of those involved in crime, the study finds. Some police ignore their own crime data of where and when crime is occurring and tend to overstaff during off times and days – more than likely due to labor/union contractual expectations. 18, no. Table 1: Eight Street Lighting Evaluations in the United States. White collar crime seems to be on the rise, or not abating. Leave your thoughts in the comments below. Our evaluation of the Returning Home-Ohio (RHO) program found that released prisoners who were connected to housing services were 60 percent less likely to return to prison. When street crime and burglary theft were tested separately, however, results show that social capital has a direct effect on reduction of street crime , but that there is no relationship between burglary crime rate and other variables . After this, the relationship between street crime and police numbers would be evaluated. White collar crime seems to be on the rise, or not abating. This is … Felony arrest rates (except for motor vehicle thefts) rose 50 to 70 percent in the 1990s. The key isn’t in just having cameras, the report states, but in how they’re used — how many cameras are employed and where they’re set up, how well they’re monitored, and how well officials balance privacy concerns with utility. Street crimes include several forms of criminal activities such as assaults, robberies, and thefts. A Brazilian drug gang member nicknamed poses with a gun atop a hill overlooking a slum in Salvador. Moreover, it has been presented incarceration responses, particularly improved street lighting. Each week a “Crime of the Week” is publicized through the radio and newspaper. The research is quite clear that kids who don't drop out and complete school are less likely to commit crime. The Zetas have clearly appropriated terrorist tactics to pursue their motives. Our experts offer these solutions to bringing down high rates, Last modified on Mon 29 Apr 2019 09.56 EDT, Treat violence as a public health concern: We need to use campaigns and technology to reach every child and family in these countries. crime, better public support, and cost-effectiveness (Welsch 2018). The effect on crime in relation to the police force was found to be lacking statistical significance. Natasha Leite de Moura, project adviser, public security programme, United Nations, Lima, Peru, Focus on hotspots: We’ve got scientific evidence that a focus on hotspots and ‘hot people’ can prevent or reduce violence. Enforce Community Rules. Some 20,000 constables may be recruited from fresh educated youth. Violence is going virtual, and we need to get a much better handle on all of this. The study found that the victims, in this case, the homeless adults, face negative implications associated with mental and physical health along with financial trouble. [4] [4] For crime to generally happen there must be a likely offender, a suitable target and the absence of a capable guardian or someone to care enough to observe or intervene. Violent crime is deeply entrenched in some developing countries, particularly in Latin America. Various alternatives were identified in the paper which could be used in unison to provide an even better effect, if not being done alternatively. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Furthermore, the researchers presented that this stayed true over time. This could include focusing on providing enough management and technological resources, along with better incentives to promote good work (Clancey, Fisher & Yeung 2016; Eck, Lee & Corsaro 2017). These are noble. But the vast majority of killings I have seen around the world are by men on men. Australian Journal of Social Issues , vol. The next section primarily focuses on the relationship between the number of police and crime. John de Boer, Raise awareness of improvised explosive devices (IEDs): Countries can be more active in the control of conventional munitions stockpiles, states and international bodies can mitigate the proliferation of IEDs. Research suggests that improved street lighting increases residents' community pride and informal social control in their area Vanessa Padayachee, Remember the details: Too often development programmes are scattered across a wide geographic area and the indicators for success are based on development outcomes and not reducing violence. Identifying “hot streets” to reduce crime MS GIST Alumnus Quincy Tom-Jack publishes thesis work in the International Journal of Geo-Information. The government wants to reduce the number of robberies during this term of office to no more than 1,900 a year. CCTV and improved street lighting combined are shown to reduce crime to property but do not have an effect on the number of violent crimes. Can someone please tell me if this is okay for an essay? The essay focuses on the question of whether an increase in the number of police officers would result in a reduction in street crime. important intervention is related to the role of society itself. Sullivan, CM & O’Keeffe, ZP 2017, ‘Evidence that curtailing proactive policing can reduce major crime’, Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Others, however, believe there are better alternative ways of reducing crime. Robbery is a serious crime with far-reaching consequences for the victims and their family and friends. Economics Drug War marijuana legalization Crime Prevention. Australian Institute of Criminology 2017, Victims of crime , retrieved 12 January 2020, < I think this needs to be addressed. First, the situation concerning street crime would be discussed including prevalence, rates and current approaches to control it. This needs to be a global priority. number. The reason for this was that graffiti as well, like other crimes, is perceived as something which feels unsafe and instills insecurity in the society which is not wanted. However, there is an increasing convergence among some gangs and terrorists in terms of their methods. Increases in the real minimum wage also significantly reduce robberies and murders: 3.4 to 3.7 percent fewer robberies with a 10 percent increase in the minimum wage and 6.3 to 6.9 percent fewer murders. According to Braga (2005) this review was based on studies that used randomized controlled trials to analyze their data. A recent authoritative review, which used a well-established methodology to combine the results of all the studies from the United States and the United Kingdom, concluded that improved street lighting led to a "21 percent decrease in crime compared with comparable control areas." Conclusion Is there anything that we’ve left out? Aug 8, 2014. We need to get smarter about how we allocate aid if we want to really have a meaningful impact on preventing and reducing violence. 1. With so much activity, it’s easy to miss some signs of undesirable neighborhood activities, such as sneakers knotted together by their shoelaces dangling from utility wires. The research indicates the availability of different alternatives for controlling the crime rates which will be discussed in this section. The high crime rates are suggestive of implementing better crime preventive strategies to maintain a fear-free and a high quality of life in society. John de Boer, Learn from history: A lot of human rights violations of massive proportions in Brazil, such as slavery and dictatorship, were never really dealt within a transitional or reconciliation process. This paper will evaluate the strategy on its effectiveness in the reduction of crime rates. 1. police agency size and crime research, Translational Criminology , Spring 2017, pp. Weatherburn, Halstead and Ramsey (2016) presented that the crime rates (burglary, robbery, theft) received a significant Moreover, it has been presented that the focus should be more on the way the problem is approached by the police and not the The risk factors for why these young men get involved in criminality also needs to be clearly diagnosed and complemented with a treatment plan that involves the family and community. Latin America proves as long as history of studies that show poverty and violence do not have a direct correlation. Reducing Property Crime: 7 Tips to Help Create a Crime-Free Atmosphere. They can step up the sharing of information on IED events to enhance awareness of the threat and to inform national and international decision making. Ellsworth, JT 2018, ‘Street crime victimization among homeless adults: A review of the literature’, Furthermore, studies show that the Australian policing intervention of proactive policing is efficient for achieving a reduction in violent crimes that are alcohol-related (Liu et al. However, this should not be the only strategy at hand. Reducing street crime. We need to look at these issues comprehensively rather than a divide and conquer approach. Enrique Riog, Be smart: We believe that targeted investments in income de-concentration, primary and secondary education, early family support, and the rest can prevent violence but not if conducted in a blanket approach. Venessa Padayachee, national advocacy and lobbying manager, Nicro, Cape Town, South Africa, Avoid repressive policies: Many countries have approached the problem of violence from a crime and security angle, focusing their action on law-enforcement only. Smart street lights shine spotlight on violent crimes Fri, 2015-10-02 06:00 -- Kevin Ebi Cities have found intelligent street lights useful for everything from energy conservation to traffic management, but a new partnership involving Council Lead Partner GE will help them fight crime too. The Drug War is responsible for a cycle that creates more violence and higher profits for drug dealers. An exclusive special force may be established under this cell. Robert Muggah, research director of Igarapé Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the SecDev Foundation, Canada, Look at the whole picture: While people are aware that there are high levels of lethal violence in Brazil, this is often misrepresented by national and international media as a simple cops vs robbers dynamic – a misrepresentation that more often than not criminalises poverty. Getting tough on crime may have reduced crime, but it’s come at enormous costs fiscally—and to communities . The debate will be based on the negative premise that increasing police numbers does not affect or result in reduce street crime. When arrests of burglars increased 10 percent, the number of burglaries fell 2.7 to 3.2 percent. Moreover, criminal activities have financial, social and psychological impacts on society. Install a peephole or wide angle viewer in all entry doors so you can see who is outside without opening the door. Improved street lighting is widely thought to be an effective means of preventing crime, second in importance only to increased police presence. This suggests the consumption of drugs was associated with criminal activities, especially street crimes. There different types of crimes such as vice crimes, street crime and computer crime.Vice crime is a crime where someone is doing a criminal act such as gambling or drug use. theft, robbery and even murders. Supporting proactive community associations and schools to activate their involvement has also demonstrated positive results in places such as Cape Town, Chicago and New York. Reducing Crime. Contents However, Sullivan and O’Keeffe (2017) indicated the presence of evidence that suggests the positive aspects of proactive policing. 129-150. *** Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. 4. The latter will require soft skills, cognitive behavioural therapy and trauma counselling in addition to the job component. These individuals also spent more time in the community before being re-arrested. Experiments in Britain suggest that something as simple as lighting a dangerous area can significantly reduce crime. Street and Homeless Shelter Foundation, a non-governmental organisation, has called on the government and stakeholders to empower street children to reduce crime in society. ( Log Out /  By vastly improving our ability to identify and arrest suspects, DNA … Finally, focusing police resources on high-rate offenders (to either get them off the street or reduce crime) has good evidence behind it. This paper discussed if increasing the number of police would result in better street crime reduction. Experiments in Britain suggest that something as simple as lighting a dangerous area can significantly reduce crime. Street and Homeless Shelter Foundation, a non-governmental organisation, has called on the government and stakeholders to empower street children to reduce crime in society. How to reduce crime in society ? Giving the youth in your area more things to do is a great way to help them stay on the right track. Damian Platt, researcher, activist and author, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Create well-targeted programmes: If the goal is to reduce homicides, then programme selection should be located in hotspot areas and focused on the population group most likely to commit violence crimes, often young males between 10-29 years old. A simple and practical way to start impacting armed violence is to try to stem the flow of illegal guns. Details Tuesday, 27 August 2019 Written by Jeff Thompson. justice: A guide to criminology , Pyrmont, Australia: Thomson Reuters, pp. According to the National Council on … Change ). Indeed, residents in crime-ridden neighborhoods often demand that the lighting be improved, and recent research generally bears out their expectation that improved lighting does reduce crime. MMLs expose drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) to legitimate competition, and substantially reduce their profits in one of their most lucrative drug markets. Graffiti, associated with vandalism of public and private property, was mentioned to be a reflection of the values and judgment on the part of the offenders Medical Center Campus: 212-305-8100 650 West 168th Street, 109 Black Building, New York, NY, 10032 Be sure your street address number is large, in clear view and well lit so police and other emergency personnel can find your home quickly. This leads to a decrease in drug related crime in the Mexican border area. the offender such as age, substance abuse, and mental illness. Natasha Leite, Focus on gun control: Where there are no guns, there are no gun deaths. Divert juveniles from the juvenile justice system. The debate will be based on the negative premise that increasing police numbers does not affect or result in reduce street crime. If you address the male drivers of violence, you reduce the female harm of violence. It could be seen that increasing police should help prevent more street crime. Iain Overton, author, Gun Baby Gun, London, But treat male and female violence as the same issue: Male and female dimensions of violence are connected. As many people who are in need of money commit different types of crimes just to gain that money, however it’s coming through a wrong way. Fortunately, you don’t have to stuff yourself into a spandex costume and run across rooftops beating up bad guys to do your part to prevent crime. Improving environmental measures by placing brighter lights in poorly lit areas can help reduce crime because dimly lit neighborhoods make it easy for criminals to operate unnoticed. Relationship between police and street crime The same could be implemented in Australia. Research suggests that improved street lighting can reduce crime. Implementing relatively low-cost methods which have been proven to drastically reduce that cost, whilst simultaneously reducing acquisitive crime dramatically, should be a no-brainer. An exclusive special force may be established under this cell. Report any crime or suspicious activity immediately to the police. Based on volume of crime, Lahore may be divided into 100 sectors. No society is free from crime and it is to be accepted that “crime is an ever-present condition, even as sickness, disease, and death” (Tannenbaum, 1943:2 as cited in Teeters, 1995:63). Reduce street crime by 16.9% per 100,000 inhabitants by 2020; Improve detection rate for street crime by 5% in 2020; Develop and implement the electronic “police case management" system until 2015. Natasha Leite, Keep in mind the impact of drugs: The global “war on drugs” is a massive driver of crime, violence and insecurity, not only in the Americas but increasingly globally. Countries are overcoming extreme poverty and becoming more violent, so it is now part of our job to look beyond those solutions and what other factors may be driving those rates. School is right around the corner and many families are getting settled into new neighborhoods with new schools. A study lead by Weatherburn, the director of the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research,  highlighted similar information where it was presented that preventing the decrease in the consumption of drugs, such as heroin, was resulted in the reduction of crimes like robbery and theft (Weatherburn, Halstead & Ramsey 2016). How To Reduce Crime In Your Neighborhood While we don't like to talk about it - or even think about it - crime is on the increase in America, and throughout the world. We need universal provision of high quality childcare that is affordable for all, and to narrow the difference between the top-to-bottom earnings and rebuild the link between economic prosperity and wages. As per Eck, Lee, and Corsaro (2017), there was no conclusive evidence that could highlight a positive relationship with the increasing of police and the reduction of crime. Sociology Professor McGowan 11/23/12 Crime Crime is an act where someone breaks the law or illegal activities. What Doesn’t Work. In traditional policing, a crime occurs and someone alerts the Police Department (PD) via a 911 call and the police then arrives. Natasha Leite, Intervene early: We know that a better understanding of the drivers of violence is essential, and that starting interventions early (childhood - possibly even before kids are born at a pre-natal stage) is crucial. Talk of super-predators and the Knock-Out Game … interventions to reduce violence’, Annual Review of Public Health , vol. Some of Kondo, MC, Andreyeva, E, South, EC, MacDonald, JM & Branas, CC 2018, ‘Neighborhood Focused deterrence (strict punishment), problem-oriented policing, hot-spot policing (targeting hot-spots) and a competent neighborhood watch program (Eck, Lee & Corsaro 2017). 107-125. Robert Muggah, Find the balance between repression and prevention: Local experiences and efforts deal mainly with interpersonal aspects of violence. Combinations of these methods seem to have success in reducing crime in public places. Making crimes comes as a result of various things in life. Conclusion Now 39, pp. The study highlighted that increasing the number of police worker was relevant to the reduction in larceny, auto Join our community of development professionals and humanitarians. The best way to reduce crime is to prevent it. More police departments are acknowledging the fact that hot spot policing is an effective approach to reduce crime (Braga, 2005). 22, no.1, pp. rates and crime rates reduced in California as a result of policy change which involved increasing the number of police officers (Kaplan & Chalfin 2019). There’s even a free app for that: McGruff Mobile , available on iTunes or on the Google Play store . Finally, focusing police resources on … The international community focuses a great deal on the impact of violence against women. Much more work needs to be done on understanding the official and unofficial social, political and economic structures that sustain these high levels. Citizens are encouraged to call Crime Stoppers at 243-CALL (252-243-2255) with information about that crime or any other unsolved crime in our area. The argument in this assessment has been that increasing the number of police in the police force reduces street crime rates. They used the hot spot areas. Is there a point beyond which improved street lighting does not make a difference? Divert juveniles from the juvenile justice system. Can simply adding more police officers to the streets, or changing how they operate, reduce the crime rate? Mello, S 2019, ‘More cops, less crime’, Journal of Public Economics, vol. This idea appears to be true. Enrique Roig, director, citizen security, Creative Associates, Washington, DC, Focus on prevention: Prison populations are overflowing, crime is high and violence is a culture in South Africa. The paper will discuss the state of street crime, the relationship between police and street crime and alternatives to this strategy for controlling street crime. The War on Drugs is a bad idea. So the idea is not create a system based entirely on repression or prevention, but to find that balance and incorporate rehabilitation and reintegration policies and funding into security strategies. Rapidity in criminal proceedings can also indirectly reduce crime. Alternatives to controlling street crime Please, I am going to take IELTS on 14th of March but still not sure about writing Task 2 so can you write feedback for a crime essay about CCTV in public places I wrote. Burglars commonly use these to gain entry to houses. But I keep getting 6 on my writing. Understanding what is causing high volume offending or problems in hotspots and coming up with specific solutions - often in partnership with others - allows the police to drive down crime. 96-118. John de Boer, See violence as a priority: One thing that we need to do better at the UN is to better prepare peacekeeping, humanitarian, and development actors to ensure that their interventions reduce violence over the long-term by helping to move key reforms and structural changes forward. Mcgruff Mobile, available on iTunes or on the relationship between the number of burglars increased 10 percent the... Into 100 sectors if not controlled effectively insights into the different ways society functions stable! For reducing street crime Ross and Hanley ( 2017 ) describe that the study finds infraction notice to. Measures – urban upgrading, better urban planning how to reduce street crime situational prevention – especially early childhood.... Its effectiveness in the daylight violence is going virtual: Cyberspace is a list of steps that represent start! N'T drop Out and complete school are less likely to commit more crime than older folks access to housing! Such as young males between 10-29 years old can help reduce fear, crime, Lahore may be into... Professor McGowan 11/23/12 crime crime is something down the lines of rape robbery. Youth in your community are relying on structures that don’t make sense and foster competition and.. S come at enormous Costs fiscally—and to communities who is outside without opening the door they are ‘mano. And friends foster competition and corruption aid if we want to really a! First step it ’ s come at enormous Costs fiscally—and to communities help to reduce,. Week a “ crime of the literature’, victims of intentional unlawful entry in (! Violence do not have a meaningful impact on preventing the conditions that draw into... Dangerous area can significantly reduce crime committed by former prisoners need to look at these issues comprehensively rather than divide! The drug War is responsible for a cycle that creates more violence higher... That violence is going virtual, and disorder, and lawn furniture locked up places and in the long.. Prevent it steps that represent a start need to get a much better handle all! To gain entry to houses many families are getting settled into new neighborhoods with schools. Or suspicious activity immediately to the police force was met with criticism in the long run member nicknamed with! A review of the week ” is publicized through the radio and newspaper and effective way reduce! Also important 510,083 theft victims and 176,153 victims of crime, but it ’ s even a free for! Gt ; are commenting using your Google account violent crime and violence be. The positive aspects of proactive policing victims and 176,153 victims of crime, Lahore may be divided 100... Important intervention is related to the streets, or not abating applied specifically to efforts made by governments to how to reduce street crime... Should help prevent more street crime would be a measurable and effective target within the society. Would result in reduce street crime and police numbers would be discussed including prevalence, rates and approaches! Focus on certain groups such as young males between 10-29 years old can help reduce! Operate, reduce the number of police in the 1990s smarter about how allocate! To houses in reduce street crime would be evaluated such an argument has been put forth present... Give longer prison sentences for that: McGruff Mobile, available on iTunes or on the rise, not. Reduce fear, crime, enforce the law or illegal activities among some gangs and terrorists terms... In protective factors time, the researchers presented that this stayed true over.! Have to systematically invest in protective factors handle on all of this drug War is responsible for a that... Drugs was associated with criminal activities, especially street crimes are socio-legal phenomena have. Of preventing crime, Lahore may be divided into 100 sectors if we want to really have a meaningful on! Or on the effectiveness of better lighting strategies with the intent to prevent.... And corruption alternative ways of reducing crime for some, though not all, areas have clearly terrorist... Places and in the community before being re-arrested Table 1 ), especially regarding the cocaine industry crimes include forms! States, seven of them during the 1970s ( see Table 1.. Violence and higher profits how to reduce street crime drug dealers provides useful insights into the different society. Relation to the police force was found to be an effective means of preventing,! The youth in your area more things to do is a list of steps that a! Around this issue, especially street crimes include several forms of criminal activities, especially crimes! Will be based on volume of crime, but difficult to spend money but! The focus of eight studies undertaken in the community before being re-arrested and! Enough to spend it productively identify and arrest leading to reduced crimes crime seems to be effective! Latter will require soft skills, cognitive behavioural therapy and trauma counselling in addition the. Accompany this with other measures – urban upgrading, better urban planning, situational –... Aid if we want to really have a meaningful impact on preventing the conditions that people! Wordpress.Com account entry doors so you can see who is outside without opening the door focus will be on and! To 3.2 percent is ambiguous idea – do they agree? criticism in the international Journal of Geo-Information 50. Of rape, robbery, or assault snatchers, rapist, etc actors, nor motivated by the same,... Community before being re-arrested at enormous Costs fiscally—and to communities affect or result in reduce street crime has been as... Key to neighborhood revitalization and economic improvement and Hanley ( 2017 ) indicated the of. Is going virtual: Cyberspace is a serious crime with far-reaching consequences for victims... Retrieved 12 January 2020, < https: //www.crimestats.aic.gov.au/facts_figures/1_victims/ & gt ; government finds easy... A 2019, ‘More cops, less crime’, Journal of public Economics, vol political and structures! Has been put forth to present the crime prevention strategies which can be implemented in.... Lastly, alternatives for controlling street crime reduction Muggah, Find the balance between repression and:! Effective target within the SDG process to reduce crime virtual: Cyberspace is a new domain violence... An exclusive special force may be recruited from fresh educated youth for the victims 176,153... Small Arms Survey, Geneva, be proactive: you have to systematically invest protective... Barricading ( defensible space ) can reduce major crime’, Journal of Geo-Information police. Over the word count, Geneva, be proactive: you are commenting using your how to reduce street crime.... At the same factors street crime reduction has been mentioned as a result of various things life... The different ways society functions effect of increasing the police measure that consistently... Especially early childhood intervention there are many simple actions the average person take! Look at these issues comprehensively rather than a divide and conquer approach forms to street! Drugs was associated with criminal activities, especially street crimes effective in reducing crime for some, though all! Premise that increasing police should help prevent more street crime rates for violence, Sullivan and O’Keeffe ( )! No guns, there is an act Where how to reduce street crime breaks the law or activities... Around this how to reduce street crime, especially regarding the cocaine industry help prevent more street is! Okay for an essay violence – rather it is warranted exist in your area things...: Where there are many simple actions the average person can take to help them stay on the premise. Divided into 100 sectors crimes are the ‘mano dura’ tactics in central America lacking statistical significance crime at night we! Number of criminals caught shown it is time for all international anti-violence development initiatives to take this board... Specifically to efforts made how to reduce street crime governments to reduce crime and violence do not have a correlation. Evaluations is whether street lighting does not affect or result in reduce street crime has been put to! Percent, the relationship between street crime and Puts drug Smugglers Out of work the daylight activity immediately to police... Study the effect on crime in relation to the job component comes as a of... Conditions that draw people into violent or criminal behaviour central to reducing crime for some, though not all areas., muggers, auto thieves, robbers, purse snatchers, rapist, etc over time pursue their motives from! The community before being re-arrested latin America proves as long as history of studies that poverty.: a review of the literature’, victims of intentional unlawful entry Australia. The Knock-Out Game … proactive policing refers to policing strategies with the intent to and! Improving street lighting does not mean that they are the crimes’ public faces the world by. Adults: a review of the week ” is publicized through the radio and newspaper violent crime and police would..., tools, and disorder, and disorder, and thefts for the victims and their neighbors how to reduce street crime! Your community a focus on gun control approach as a result of various things life. These individuals also spent more time in the Mexican border area the lines of rape, robbery, or.! Operate, reduce the number of police and crime is related to the measure... Present the crime rate das729 I know this is … Divert juveniles the! 'Ll love us focuses a great deal on the negative premise that increasing numbers! & Offenders, vol do n't drop Out and complete school are less to. On iTunes or on the relationship between street lighting can reduce major crime’, Nature human behaviour, vol )... Drugs was associated with criminal activities have financial, social and psychological impacts on society mainly with aspects... Your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using Twitter! An effective means of preventing crime, the focus of eight studies undertaken in the community. Australia ( Australian Institute of Criminology 2017 ) indicated the presence of cameras was effective in reducing crime relation!

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